Axum is a city in northern Ethiopia. It’s known for its tall, carved obelisks, relics of the ancient Kingdom of Axum. Most are in the northern Stelae Park, including a huge fallen pillar, now in pieces. Centuries-old St. Mary of Zion is a Christian church and pilgrimage site believed to have housed the biblical Ark of the Covenant. The neighboring Chapel of the Tablet is said to contain the Ark today.
Tiya is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the Soddo region, south of Addis Ababa. The site contains 36 monuments, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols, most of which are difficult to decipher. They are the remains of an ancient Ethiopian culture whose age has not yet been precisely determined.
Lower Valley of Awash
The Lower Awash Valley site is located 300 km northeast of Addis Ababa, in the west of the Afar Depression. It covers an area of around 150 km2. The Awash Valley contains one of the most important groupings of paleontological sites on the African continent. The remains found at the property, the oldest of which date back over 4 million years, provide evidence of human evolution, which has modified our conception of the history of humankind. The most spectacular discovery came in 1974, when 52 fragments of a skeleton enabled the famous Lucy to be reconstructed.
Simien Mountains National Park
Simien National Park is one of the most spectacular landscapes in the world with jagged mountain peaks. It was created due to a massive erosion over the years on the Ethiopian plateau. The park is home to some extremely rare animals such as the Gelada baboon, the Simien fox and the Walia ibex, a goat found nowhere else in the world.
Lalibela Monolithic Churches
Lalibela is a high place of Ethiopian Christianity, still today a place of pilmigrage and devotion. The Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela are still preserved in their natural settings. The 11 Monolithic Churches were carved out of rock.
Gonder Fasil Castle
Fasil Ghebbi is located in the Amhara National Regional State, in North Gondar Administrative Zone of Ethiopia. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the fortress-city of Fasil Ghebbi was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors. Surrounded by a 900-m-long wall, the city contains palaces, churches, monasteries and unique public and private buildings. The fortress city functioned as the centre of the Ethiopian government until 1864.